LankaCNews: ලංවිම ණය කෝටි 40,000 පනී.. පාඩුව තවත් දෙතුන් ගුණයකින් වැඩිවෙන්න ලගයි..

අධි මිල හදිසි විදුලිය (Emergency Power) මක් නිසාද?

රටට සුදුසු දේ වෙනුවට පුද්ගලික වාසි ගෙනදෙන ව්‍යාපාර පසුපස යෑම

2014 වසරේදී නොරොච්චෝලේ අවසන් අදියර නිම වූ පසු මේ දක්වා රටේ වැඩිවන ව්දුලි බල ඉල්ලුම සඳහා විසඳුමක් වන කිසිඳු බලාගාරයක් ඉදි නොකිරීමත් ඉදිකිරීමට සූදානමින් තිබූ බලාගාර නවතා දැමීමත් නිසා මේ වනවිට විදුලිබල ක්ෂේත්ත්‍රය දැවැන්ත මූල්‍යමය අර්බුධයකට ඇදදමා ඇත. සැලසුම් සහගත කණ්ඩායම් විසින් ලං.වි.ම. සැලසුම් කරන ලද බලාගාර මෙලෙස නවතා දැමීමත් ප්‍රමාද කිරීමත් සිදුකරනු ලබන්නේ තමන්ට ආර්ථික වාසි ගෙනදෙන යෝජනා ක්‍රියාත්මක කිරීම සඳහාය. රටේ ප්‍රබල දේශපාලන බලවතුන්, අමාත්‍යංශයේ ඉහළ නිලධාරීන්, ස්වාධීනයයි කියාගන්නා උපයෝගීතා කොමිසමේ ඇතැම් සාමාජිකයින් හා නිලධාරීන් මෙම කණ්ඩායම් නියෝජනය කිරීම රටේ අභාග්‍ය බව කිවයුතුය.

වාසිය උදෙසා නීතිය කැඩීම

විදුලි බල පනත හා රටේ බලපවත්වන අනෙකුත් නීතීන් අනුව රටට අවශ්‍ය බලාගාර සෑදිය යුත්තේ අනුමත “ දීර්ග කාලීන අඩුවියදම් විදුලි ජනන සැලැස්ම” අනුව වෙයි. මෙම සැලැස්ම ලං.වි.ම. සැලසුම් ඉංජිනේරුවන් සකසන අතර එය නීතිගත වීමට මහජන උපයෝගීතා කොමිසම අනුමත කලයුතුය. තවද අප රටට ගැලපෙන ලෙස හදන අපේ සැලසුමේ තිබෙන බලාගාර සැදීම හැර වෙනත් රටකින් හෝ ව්‍යාපාරිකයෙකු යෝජනා කරන බලාගාර ඉදිකිරීම නීති පොත්වල නැත.

මෙම හේතුව නිසා රටේ ඉහලම පුටුවල සිටින දේශපාලන ප්‍රබලයන්ගේ සහාය හා මගපෙන්වීමද ඇතිව 2015 සිට නීති විරෝධී ලෙස අපසලසුම් අවුල් කිරීමටත් එහි ඇති බලාගාර නවතා දැමීමටත් ප්‍රමාද කිරීමටත් මෙම කණ්ඩායම් උපයෝගීතා කොමිසම යොදාගන්නාලදී. රටට හානිකර වුවද තමන්ට වාසි ගෙනෙන ව්‍යාපාර සිදුකිරීම සඳහා ක්ෂ්ත්‍රය නියාමනය කිරීමට සිටින කොමිසමක බලතල දූෂිත නිලධාරීන් හරහා භාවිතා කිරීම ජනතාවගේ ආරක්ෂාවට ගෙනා යුද්ධ ටැංකිය සතුරන් අතට පත්වීමට සමානය.


නොරෝච්ච්ලේට පසුව ඉදිකිරීමට තිබුණු දැවැන්තම බලාගාරය නැවත්වීම

නොරොච්චෝලේ බලාගාරයට පසුව ලං.වි,ම. සැලසුම්වලට අනුව ඉදිවීමට නියමිතව තිබුණු දැවැන්තම බලාගාරය 500MW සාම්පූර් බලාගාරයි. එය 2020 දී පමණ සදා නිමකිරීමට සියලු කටයුතු සුදානම්ව පැවතුනි. තමන්ට වාසි ගෙනෙන නීතිවිරෝධී බලාගාර ඉදිකිරීමට බලාපොරොත්තු ඇතිව මෙම කණ්ඩායම සැලසුම් සහගතව සම්පුර් බලාගාරය නවත්වයි. මෙය දැනට ජනාධිපති තුමා විසින් විසුරුවා ඇති CCEM එක, ජනාධිපති උපදේශක වරු, අප අමාත්‍යංශයේ ඉහලම නිලධාරීන් හා මහජන උපයෝගීතා කොමිසම රටේ සංවර්ධනයට අකුල්හෙළන රාජ්‍යනොවන සංවිධාන හා මොවුන්ට හිතවත් ව්‍යාපාරිකයින් එක්ව සිදුකරණ ලදී.

2034 දක්වා ලං.වි.ම. සැකසූ 20 අවුරුදු ජනන සැලැස්ම 2015 අගෝ. 06 දින උපයෝගීතා කොමිසමේ අනුමැතියට යැවුවද සැලැස්මෙන් සාම්පූර් ඉවත් කිරීමට අවස්තාව එනතෙක් වසරකට වැඩි කාලයක්  සැලැස්ම අනුමත නොකොට තබාගන්නා කොමිසම ඇතුළු කණ්ඩායම සාම්පූර් ඉවත්කිරීමෙන් පසු 2016 සැප්. 15  දින එම සැලසුමේ තිබුණු බලාගාර කිහිපයක් පමණක් අනුමත කර එවයි. එලෙස සැලැස්මේ  කොටසක් පමණක් අනුමත කිරීම පනත අනුව නීති විරෝධී බැවින් සාම්පුර් නැවත්වීමට අමතරව බලාගාර ඉදිකිරීමට ලං.වි.ම. ට නීතිමය සැලැස්මක් නොමැති වීමද දැවැන්ත ගැටළුවක් විය.

සාම්පුර් වැනි අඩුවියදම් බලාගාරයක් සැදීම වසර 5කින් ප්‍රමාද වීම නිසා රටට වන පාඩුව රුපියල් කෝටි 20,000 ක් (බිලියන 200ක්) පමණ වෙයි. බලාගාරය නවත්තල දැනට අවුරුදු 4 ක් ගතවෙලා ඒ පාඩුව නැතිකරන්න පුළුවන් බලාගාරයක් හදන්න තවම සුදානමක් වත් නෑ.

තරඟකාරී මිල ගණන් කැඳවූ 300MW ස්වභාවික වායු (LNG) බලාගාරය ප්‍රමාද ඇයි ?

අපේ සැලසු අනුව මේ බලාගාරය පද්දතියට එකතුවෙන්න තිබුනේ 2019 වර්ෂයේ. මේ සඳහා සමාගම් 7ක් මිලගනන් ඉදිරිපත් කලත් එක් කොරියන් සමාගමක ටෙන්ඩරය පමණක් විවෘත කිරීමට බලධාරීන් උත්සහ කිරීමේදී ඉංජිනේරු සංගමයද ඒ සඳහා විරුද්ධ වී සියලු ටෙන්ඩර් පත් විවෘත කර තරංගකාරී මිලක් ලබාගැනීමට හැකිවිය.  නමුත් විවිධ දේශපාලන බලවතුන්ගේ මැදිහත් වීම්, ටෙන්ඩර් මණ්ඩල වලට කරන ලද බලපෑම් හා අමාත්‍යංශයේ ඇතැම් ඉහල නිලධාරීන්ගේ අත්තනෝමතික ක්‍රියාවන් නිසා මෙම ටෙන්ඩරයේ තීරණය මේවනවිට උසාවියට භාරවී ඇත. මෙම ටෙන්ඩරය නිසා ටෙන්ඩර් මණ්ඩල වල නිලධාරීන් කිහිපවතාවක්ම වෙනස් වීම මේ සඳහා දේශපාලන බලවතුන්ගේ මැදිහත්වීම කෙතරම්ද යන්නට කදිම නිදසුනකි. මේ සඳහා මැදිහත්වී සුදුසු සමාගමක් මගින් රටට අවශ්‍ය මෙම දැවැන්ත බලාගාරය ඉදිකරවාගැනීම වෙනුවට තමන්ට වාසිගෙන එන කණ්ඩායම්වලට ටෙන්ඩරය ලබාදීමට බලධාරීන්ගේ හා දේශපාලන බලවතුන්ගේ කඹ ඇදීම මෙම තත්වයට හේතුවයි.

මේ අතර ජපානය, ඉන්දියාව හා චීනයේ සමාගම් තුනක් මගින් 500MW  බලාගාර 02ක් හා 400MW ක LNG බලාගාරයක් සැදීමට රජය උත්සහ කරයි.  නමුත් අප පද්ධතිය ඉතා කුඩා එකක් වන බැවින් 500MW විශාල ජනක යන්ත්‍ර පද්ධතියට එකතුකළ නොහැකි අතර පද්ධතියේ ස්ථායීතාව පවත්වාගෙන එකතුකළ හැකි තනි ජනක යන්ත්‍රයක උපරිම ධාරිතාවය 300MW කි.

මෙම බලාගාර ඉදිරි සැලසුම් වලට ඇතුලත් කිරීමට රජය යෝජනා කලද එමරටවල් වලින් ක්‍රමවත් යෝජනාවක් වත් විදුලිය ලබාදෙන මිල පිළිබඳව කිසිඳු එකඟතාවයක් මේ වනතෙක් ලබාදී නොමැත. තරඟකාරීව මිල කඳවු බලාගාර අනවශ්‍ය ලෙස වසර ගණන් පමා කිරීමට තවත් එක් හේතුවක් ලෙස මේවාට වැඩි මිලක් ලබාදීමට මින් වාසි ලබන කණ්ඩායම් අපේක්ෂා කරන බැවින් බවද සිතිය හැක.

දිනෙන් දින පමාවන මද්‍යකාලීන විසඳුම්

විදුලි අර්බුදයට විසඳුම් ලෙස හදිසි විදුලි මිලදී ගැනීම් (Emergency Power) නැවත්වීමට ලං.වි.ම. සැලසුම් කල 100 MW හා 24×4 MW දැවී තෙල් බලාගාර වල ටෙන්ඩර් පොත් අනුමත කිරීම අමාත්‍යංශය දිනෙන් දින පමා කරයි. අනුමැතිය සඳහා යොමුකර මාස කිහිපයක් ගතවුවද ව්‍යාපාරිකයින්ගේ  අවශ්‍යතාව අනුව එහි ඇති තාක්ෂණික කරුණු වෙනස්කම් කිරීමට යෝජනා කරමින් සිටියි. සැලසු කර ඇති අඩු වියදම් ගලන්ගුරු හා LNG බලාගාර ප්‍රමාදවීම නිසා සැලසු වලට ඇතුලත් කල ඩීසල් වලට වඩා මිලෙන් ඉතා අඩු දැවිතෙල් (HFO) බලාගාර මෙලෙස පමාවීමෙන් සිදුවන්නේ තව තවත් හදිසි විදුලි බලාගාර (Emergency Power) ගැනීමට සිදුවීමයි.

වියදම් අඩු බලාගාර ප්‍රමාද වෙද්දී Emergency Power විදිලි වේගයෙන්

සියලු අඩුවියදම් බලාගාර විවිධ පාර්ශව වල වාසියට නවතා දමමින් හා ප්‍රමාද කරමින් සිටින බලධාරීන් 2019 වසර පළමු කාර්තුව තුල අපේක්ෂාකරන නියඟ කාලගුණයට හා වැඩිවන ඉල්ලුමට විසඳුම් ලෙස වියදම් අධික හදිසි ඩීසල් විදුලිය මිලදී ගැනීම් (Emergency Diesel Power) සඳහා විදිලි වේගයෙන් කටයුතු කරගෙන යයි. 100 MW ක Emergency Power හඳහා කැබිනට් අනුමැතිය දින කීපයකින් ලබාගන්නා බලධාරීන්ට හා රජයට මෙම උනන්දුව ලං. වී.ම. සලසුම්කල අඩුවියදම් බලාගාර සැදීම සඳහා තිබුණි නම් මේවනවිට වසරකට ලං.වි.ම. ලබන රුපියල් බිලියන 50 කට අධික පාඩුවෙන් මිදී ජනතාවට මහත් සේ ප්‍රතිලාභ ලබාදීමට රජයට හැකිවනු ඇත.

මේවනවිට ලං.වි.ම. ට ඇති මුළු ණය ප්‍රමාණය රුපියල් බිලියන 400 කට (කෝටි 40,000) අධිකය. අර්බුධයට විසඳුමක් වන අඩුවියදම් බලාගාර සාදන තෙක් අඩුම වශයෙන් ඉදිරි වසර 5ක කාලය තුල ලං.වි.ම. තවතවත් දැවැන්ත ලෙස පාඩු ලබනු ඇත. තවද වැඩිවන ඉල්ලුම සඳහා කෙටිකාලීන විසඳුම් සඳහා යෑම නිසා මෙම පාඩුව තවත් දෙතුන් ගුණයකින් වැඩිවනු ඇත.

– ලං.වි.ම. ඉංජිනේරු සංගමය

ලංවිම ණය කෝටි 40,000 පනී.. පාඩුව තවත් දෙතුන් ගුණයකින් වැඩිවෙන්න ලගයි..

The Island: Power mafia throttles country with costly emergency power purchases for CEB

article_image

by Rathindra Kuruwita

 

A decision to purchase emergency power, at significantly higher cost, would only increase the losses incurred by the Ceylon Electricity Board (CEB), the Ceylon Electricity Board Engineers’ Union (CEBEU) said, yesterday.

CEB Engineers’ Union President Saumya Kumarawadu said yesterday “After the Norochcholai Power Plant was built in 2014, the generation cost of one unit of electricity dropped to Rs. 15.07 and the government was able to reduce the electricity bill by 25%. Since then however no low cost thermal power plants has been added to the system though each year the demand went up by 200 MWs. The cost of one unit of electricity went up to Rs 21.32 in 2017.”

As a result the CEB lost Rs 45 billion in 2017 and the loss increased to Rs. 50 billion in 2018.

“Given the fact that there are delays in the construction of the 300 MW LNG power plant, we will incur more losses in 2019,”he said.

“Bureaucrats and politicians are engaged in a  tug of war to ensure that their allies get the deal. On the other hand, the government is attempting to build two 500MW and one 400 MW LNG plant through Japanese, Indian and Chinese companies. But given the size of our system, the maximum connectable single machine in order to maintain the stability is 300MW.”

The CEBEU head said that the total outstanding loans of the CEB was Rs. 400 billion and that things would continue to get worse for the next six to seven years unless a major low cost power plant was set up.

An energy sector source said that although the CEB had announced that bids were open for emergency power, the relevant officials had not even finalized the tender documents. He added that on average emergency power was procured at around Rs. 30, which is at least Rs. 7 more than the most expensive diesel power electricity unit procured by the CEB.

http://www.island.lk/index.php?page_cat=article-details&page=article-details&code_title=198301

The Morning: Power on low voltage

•Delays in implementing mid to long-term solutions

Norochcholai power plant
Everyone is running a business and they want to earn commissions. Nobody thinks about the public. The majority of high profile employees are corrupt and those who reveal the corruption will ultimately lose their jobsCeylon Electricity Board Employees’ Union (CEBEU) Convener Ranjan Jayalal
By Maheesha Mudugamuwa

A crisis in the power sector threatens to place the country in darkness in the event of failure to resolve the issue soon.

Sri Lanka is in urgent need of approximately 300 megawatts (MW) of electricity to meet current consumer demand, and failure to meet this demand could likely plunge parts of the country into darkness between the years 2020-2030.

Minister of Power and Renewable Energy Ravi Karunanayake sought Cabinet approval to obtain emergency power purchasing proposals.

The ministry confirmed that Cabinet approval was granted, but that the President instructed the minister to reconsider the move as it could prove expensive. He was instead advised to consider other ways of mitigating the issue.

Ministry sources said that Minister Karunanayake and the Ceylon Electricity Board (CEB) Engineers’ Union were holding talks to reach a solution to the crisis before looking at purchasing emergency power.

However, sources said that the ministry was unable to make a concrete decision as the CEB was running without a board of directors.

The proposal seeking the approval of the Cabinet to purchase emergency power was submitted by Minister Ravi Karunanayake on 14 January, 2019.

The main objective of the proposal was to procure 100 MW power generators on a lease basis for a period of one year and to call tenders for 75 MW of thermal power for a period of two years, according to the Ministry of Power and Renewable Energy Director (Development) Sulakshana Jayawardena.

He told The Sunday Morning that Cabinet approval was already granted for the proposal.

“This year, the authorities forecast that there will be a dry period from January to April, and therefore, there would be restrictions on hydro power generation. To mitigate that, the CEB has recommended adding 100 MW on a supplementary basis,” he explained.

“We are going to call for tenders and the price per unit will be decided later,” Jayawardena noted.

Growing concern

Meanwhile, Minister Karunanayake’s decision to purchase emergency power from private companies raised concerns among energy experts, as they say that it would negatively impact the CEB due to potential losses that may be incurred by the board, as a result of emergency power purchasing agreements.

They stressed that it was now time for the Government to put politics aside and seriously consider the Long Term Generation Expansion Plan 2018-2037 prepared by the Ceylon Electricity Board (CEB) and approved by the Public Utilities Commission of Sri Lanka (PUCSL).

This plan was drawn up to safeguard the country against the crippling effects of temporarily expensive decisions taken by the authorities.

According to CEB Engineers’ Union President Athula Wanniarachchi, use of emergency power was expensive as the generators that would be utilised would run on diesel, for which the capacity charge would be around Rs. 5 per unit, which would have to be covered for the entire period agreed upon, even if the generators are unused. As a result, the CEB would have to spend a huge sum of money for the emergency purchases.

“For example, if a litre of diesel costs Rs. 100 and we can produce only four units with it, the fuel cost per unit would translate to Rs. 25. In addition, we would need to pay the capital cost. Therefore, all together, the cost of a unit would be around Rs. 30,” Eng. Wanniarachchi stressed.

Highlighting the situation of thermal power generation, he stressed: “Machines also need timely maintenance, for which they need to be stopped. However, since we don’t have enough machines, we are unable to stop them for routine maintenance.

“The country needs an additional 300 MW to operate the machines comfortably without any interruption and without the risk of power cuts,” Eng. Wanniarachchi noted.

Continuous delays

According to CEB statistics, around 70% of the energy requirement of the country is currently provided through thermal power (coal and oil) and the rest is provided through hydro power, with a very small amount of power generated by wind power.

Due to the lack of proper power plants, the country’s entire electricity system is dependent on the Norochcholai Power Plant.

The union stated that if that power plant experienced a breakdown, the situation would take a turn for the worst.

“During last year’s dry season, the Norochcholai Power Plant operated well and didn’t cause any big issues. As of now, the condition of the plant is better. But even now, one machine’s operations are halted for routine maintenance,” he added.

According to the CEB’s plan, three power plants (70 MW, 100 MW, and 150MW) were proposed to meet the demand from 2018 until major power plants are implemented.

Even though the plan was scheduled to be implemented from 2018, the CEB is behind the scheduled plan so far. The CEB Engineers’ Union puts the blame on the PUCSL as they claimed it was the PUCSL which delayed its approval and as a result, the implementation was not executed by the board as expected.

Explaining the situation, Wanniarachchi said: “The CEB’s generation plan was not approved on time by the PUCSL. There are many delays in implementation. They approved it after taking one-and-a-half years to review it – that is the base of the issue.”

Below are additional reasons for the energy crisis, cited by the CEB Eng. Union:

•No steps were taken to set up a large thermal power station after commissioning Stage III of the Norochcholai Power Plant in 2014

•The state of the already tendered 300 MW LNG Power Plant in Kerawalapitiya was pending in court

•No medium-term decision in the form of a solution was taken regarding the planned 100 MW Diesel Power Plant

Eng. Wanniarachchi stressed that thermal power, either coal or LNG, would be less costly than diesel power, and as successive governments failed to push towards that, there’s a deficit of about 300 MW of power at present.

Commenting on the proposed Kerawalapitiya LNG Power Plant, he said: “The blame should be placed on the Government as they handled it poorly. We were planning to tender for a medium-term solution until we procure the big power plants, some diesel power plants, or the 100 MW power plants.

“Those power plants will also be cheaper than emergency power,” he said, adding that those tenders were also discussed without any end in sight, as the Ceylon Petroleum Corporation (CPC) continuously requests changes.

“We’re unhappy that no steps have been taken with a long-term goal in mind, even though they speak of long-term solutions annually, revisiting the topic at the beginning of every year. As such, we are very dissatisfied as a union.

Explaining how most politicians prefer to play the blame game, Wanniarachchi went on to state that the execution of a viable low-cost solution for the country would require at least five to six years of planning, which no one is willing to take responsibility for.

Running out of time

Justifying the Ministry’s decision to opt for emergency power purchasing, the Ministry’s Director (Development) Jayawardena said: “Now as per the CEB’s plan, some of the plants won’t be developed. However, the growth in annual demand is approximately 5-6%, and it depends on weather conditions, other developments, and construction.”

“They have forecast a dry period, as usual, from January to end-April. In terms of capacity, there will be restrictions on hydro generation and we will not be able to generate hydro power as planned.

“In order to mitigate these sorts of issues, the CEB recommended adding 100 MW of short-term power capacity to meet demand during the period, which resulted in adding it on a supplementary basis.

“We are going to call for tenders, and depending on the result and the outcome of the tenders the Minister is to decide on whether or not to continue these sorts of ad-hoc measures to meet demand,” he added.

When asked whether the CEB was far behind the schedule in the generation plan, Jayawardena stressed that there were certain issues and barriers but that the CEB has planned to have a 300 MW power plant by 2019 and another LNG power plant by 2029.

“Last year, there was a battle between the CEB and PUCSL on getting approval for the long-term power generation plan. Now that it’s approved, they need to overcome their differences and work towards achieving the target, along with all power sector stakeholders,” he explained.

Elaborating on the process of purchasing emergency power, Director Jayawardene said: “Last year, there was an issue with extending the terms of private companies, and after much debate, the Cabinet approved the extension of the term of ACE Power Embiliptiya for a period of three years after considering the electricity requirements in the Southern Province, and is scheduled to expire in 2020. However, the terms of ACE Power Matara and Asia Power Sapugaskanda were not extended; they are still in the system but can’t add to supply as their terms are over.

“Therefore, the CEB needs to call fresh tenders, and after negotiations, the price of a unit would be decided. Usually, the prices vary, but the capacity charges will have to be incurred even if we didn’t run the plan.” He also added that while it’s in use, fuel charges would have to be incurred.

Meanwhile, the PUCSL said the CEB could purchase emergency power only in case of a calamity and that the Cabinet is required to make that decision, and not the PUCSL, further stating that in all other instances, the commission’s approval was necessary.

On inquiry of whether they were aware of the recent cabinet proposal, the commission’s Director Corporate Communications Jayanat Herath said that they were unaware of such a decision.

“The issues between the PUCSL and CEB are over and we approved the CEB’s Long Term Generation Plan last year,” he said.

Last week, Minister Karunanayake sought Canadian and French assistance to find solutions to the expected energy crisis the world, including Sri Lanka, will face in 2020. Ceylon Electricity Board Employees’ Union (CEBEU) Convener Ranjan Jayalal stressed that issues of the CEB were getting worse and that there was no solution for it.

“Everyone is running a business and they want to earn commissions. Nobody thinks about the public. The majority of high profile employees are corrupt and those who reveal the corruption will ultimately lose their jobs,” he said.

Jayalal also alleged that there was a hidden plan to separate the generation division from the CEB and to give it to the private sector, thereby burdening the general public with higher costs.

http://epaper.themorning.lk/Home/ShareArticle?OrgId=f907b495&imageview=0

 

Why Swiss Challenge LNG deal is disaster for Lanka

By Namini Wijedasa
Experts claim the multibillion dollar South Korean project is disadvantageous to Sri Lanka and like the infamous hedging affair; express concern over take-or- pay terms; say losses could be in billions

Oil, gas and electricity experts have torn into a Power and Energy Ministry call to international bidders to match an unsolicited Korean proposal for a 20-year supply of liquefied natural gas (LNG), pipeline and floating storage and regasification unit (FSRU) in just a matter of weeks.

File pic of a floating storage and regasification unit (FSRU)

The Swiss Challenge was advertised on November 5, days after the sacking of Prime Minister Ranil Wickremesinghe, and the industry was given five weeks to bid, extended by a mere seven weeks after media exposure.

The original bid was submitted by the South Korean Government-backed SK E&S Company and first presented to the Cabinet in December 2017 by President Maithripala Sirisena. A Swiss Challenge grants advantage to the initial proposer with an opportunity to match whatever anybody else tenders.

This is to be Sri Lanka’s largest single Government tender, worth an estimated US$ 10bn in LNG orders alone. And the arbitrary manner in which the Ministry manoeuvred the process drew widespread speculation and criticism.

Now, more experts—many with decades of experience in their respective fields—are weighing in. Some did not wish to be quoted owing to contractual obligations. All unanimously questioned the manner in which the “tender” was devised. And the spectre of Sri Lanka’s disastrous hedging deal was roundly evoked.

Sri Lanka will enter into a long-term take-or-pay LNG supply contract, they pointed out. Yet both the Cabinet Appointed Negotiating Committee (CANC) and Technical Evaluation Committee (TEC) comprise “well-meaning but unqualified Sri Lankan officials who are provided with tender documents of unknown origin”. They will shape the direction of a US$ 10bn sovereign commitment.

“We even accept that project proponents may view the proposal as truly beneficial to Sri Lanka,” said an international source who has worked nearly forty years in oil and gas technology and floating systems. “But as with all complex oil and gas transactions, in which companies pass on as much risk as possible to unsuspecting host Governments, the devil is in the detail.”

Lack of expertise

There is no qualified business consultant to safeguard Sri Lanka’s interests. “A TEC and a CANC of non-relevant professionals are responsible for making an untutored recommendation based on what is, at best, a hazardous procurement practice never before undertaken in this country,” he warned.

“It must be systematic,” insisted Tilak Siyambalapitiya, a senior energy consultant. “Bangladesh started the process in the proper way in 2015 and has now got the terminal up and running. Sri Lanka does not even want to issue a formal solicitation and expects friends of the Prime Minister to build one terminal, friends of the President to build another terminal, friends of you-know-who to build more terminals. This is all a farce for someone to push a project in, avoiding all bidding procedures.”

An “unusual” condition of this Swiss Challenge is that US$ 10mn is mandated to SK E&S (for having submitted an unsolicited proposal with limited technical information) should a competitor’s bid be accepted. “The invitation to tender has most instructions on how and when this US$ 10mn payment has to be made, immediately and guaranteed to SK&E and the Government of Sri Lanka,” the expert said.

Sri Lanka needs LNG as a common, lower cost and “relatively environmentally benign” energy source. But any gas procured must power not only electricity generation but industrial thermal needs and transport. This has not been taken into account. The country’s LNG requirements have not even been identified.

There must be an open-technology solution where the infrastructure investors derive their return in a predictable manner, such as tolling charges for use of the facility. It must not be tied to the supply of gas, industry professionals urged.

But according to a cabinet memorandum presented in 2017, “A company backed by the Government of South Korea has agreed to provide an LNG terminal free of charge subject to the condition that compulsory purchase of 500,000 MT per annum during the first 5 years and 1,000,000 MT per annum during subsequent 20 years under the prices prevail in the international market.”

There was universal criticism about the proposed mode of purchase. “The contract they are said to be negotiating is a disastrous one—take-or-pay,” said Dr Siyambalapitiya. “So when our hydro, wind and solar are good and demand does not grow, we have to pay for unused gas in their tanks, as well.”

The rationale for a Swiss Challenge was repeatedly questioned. “Such a strategic procurement, with high ramifications to our energy security and long-term economic development, should be structured professionally and tendered globally along conventional lines,” said Saliya Wickramasuriya, former head of the Petroleum Resources Development Secretariat (PRDS) and independent consultant.

“It may be argued that Swiss Challenge is quicker, but with limited competition pricing lots of risk into their bid, at what cost?” he asked. “And why on earth does the long-term supply of LNG to Sri Lanka need to be an unsolicited proposal?”

For the Swiss Challenge to even work, the Korean proposal should have been vetted by competent technical consultants for all aspects of viability. “It is not clear who did this and it appears not to have gone through a valid process,” Mr Wickramasuriya said.” We are aware some Government institutions have pointed out serious concerns of the original proposal, but these do not seem to have been heeded.”

The project, several inside sources revealed, is “being pushed from the highest levels even ignoring the concerns raised by CANC”. The tender preparers briefed neither the CANC nor the TEC. The documents were merely handed over.

There are no Petroleum Resources Development Ministry (PRDM) or Ceylon Petroleum Corporation (CPC) officials represented in the two bodies. And if the matter ends up in court, as did the hedging deal, the TEC and the CANC are likely to be censured.

Company has no experience

An important element of the Korean contract is the supply and operation of an offshore FSRU. SK E&S has no experience of ever running one.

“And because of this, the tender also does not seek the same from other bidders,” said Mr Wickramasuriya. “It merely asks if the ship-builder has experience.”

“This is pure madness from our side,” he said. “We have become guinea pigs for some operator to experiment if they can operate an FSRU while dumping their expensive gas into our country at high price.”

Who drafted the tender documents? The Power and Energy Ministry, while authorised by Cabinet to hire consultants, did not do so. The Korean company drew them up at its own cost. It is difficult to see how this process safeguards the interests of Sri Lanka and the public.

“The notes pertaining to the preparation of these documents need to be made public, as well as the selection process and experience of the preparers,” Mr Wickramasuriya said. Everything must be thoroughly vetted by the PRDS, among others.

If Sri Lanka receives any bids within the stipulated two months, evaluation “categorically needs expert guidance”. “The current set of officials may face serious reprimand in the future for taking the responsibility of making untutored recommendations if the outcome does not meet expectations of either time or cost,” he warned.

“Why doesn’t the Government simply not call for competitive bids for an ‘X’ amount of natural gas at this maximum price, for this long, starting from this date, and leave the industry to work out how to make it happen?” he asked. “What we need is gas, not an FSRU! Not only are we over-prescribing this tender, we are playing to someone else’s music.”

A properly executed tender would take a year to prepare and six to 12 months to respond to, professionals said. Not only is there a lack of material in this tender. There are constraints on the solution: A newly-built FSRU will take over two years to commission unless the proposers already have one in the pipeline, which would raise separate questions. A successful challenge within the allotted time frame, therefore, seems unlikely.

“A lot of focus is on the FSRU being free of charge,” said one expert. “This is a false narrative on multiple counts. There is a tolling agreement specified, but not included in the tender documents or Korean proposal, which will be negotiated later. So any claims of a free FSRU is premature, to say the least.”

Also, the FSRU cost (approximately US$ 300mn) is insignificant—less than five percent—when compared with the size of the supply contract.

“Since we believe the pricing contract to be unfavourable to Sri Lanka, even if they throw in the FSRU for free, we will pay more,” he pointed out.

“We are merely avoiding the capital cost of the FSRU upfront. That could’ve been done with a standard lease agreement.”

Environmental impact

There has been no environmental impact assessment (EIA) despite the proposed facility requiring pressurised, highly-explosive, gas pipelines to run under densely populated areas. “Natural gas lines are in a different league in terms of hazards,” he warned. “Even minor leaks result in major fatalities and many projects are delayed through public protest in affected areas, despite land being acquired.”

There have also been no met ocean studies, soil studies and bathymetry or pipeline route surveys. It usually takes six months or more to choose suitable location, said the international expert earlier quoted. The full impact of the monsoon will also be felt on the offshore FSRU.

The proposed location–about 9km outside the Colombo Port beyond an exclusion zone defined by the Sri Lanka Ports Authority–has not been reviewed against all hazards. A navigational simulation was done to define the exclusion zone but there has been no comprehensive safety study.

The tender envisages the purchase of LNG at a price indexed to oil. Professionals say this is deeply problematic. From being just ten percent a decade ago, the world spot market has grown to 50 percent of volume traded. This indicates significant uncontracted fuel in the market.

“That, in turn, gives rise to price arbitrage opportunities between markets, which could both reduce and increase parcel price depending on circumstances,” the international expert said. “However, the trend is that the spot market will most often offer a price advantage over term.”

Having a price indexed to crude oil will prevent Sri Lanka from taking advantage of this in future, when the country’s demand has stabilised and procurement practices have matured.

“The proposed contract will lock Sri Lanka for 20 years to an uneconomical price with a glut in the LNG market,” he warned. “Soon, 50 percent of LNG will be sold in the spot market to which Sri Lanka will not have access. But the same deal provides for SK E&S to procure the gas in the spot market and sell to Sri Lanka on take-or-pay terms. I expect the loss here to be in the billions.”

CT- Govt causing delays in constructing major power plants – CEBEU

Ceylon Electricity Board (CEB) engineers accused the Government of obstructing the construction of major power plants, in order to purchase emergency power on a short-term basis, at very high prices, from the beginning of the drought season every year.

They also alleged that the Ministry of Power, Energy and Business Development is not granting approval for the five 100 MW and 24 x 4 MW Diesel Power Plants which have been proposed as a medium-term solution to the power demand.

“The Ministry is not approving the Tender Book, which was prepared on the five 100 MW and 24 x 4 MW Diesel Power Plants and is only engaging in pointing out faults. We cannot make draft a Tender Book or change specifications according to the needs of businessmen,” Executive Committee member of the CEB Engineers Union (CEBEU) Athula Wanniarachchi said.

This accusation comes following the Cabinet, last Monday, approving the purchase of 100 MW of emergency power in order to supply electricity without interruption to the people during the drought period, which begins in February/March.

It has been decided to purchase 100 MW of emergency power for one year as a solution to the power deficit of 300 MW which exists at present and until such time, major power plants are constructed. However, if power is needs to be purchased during the second year, those prices too have been queried through the Tender papers.

“That means even if they say it is for one year only, it is apparent that they are preparing to purchase emergency power continuously. However, what we have to do is not purchase emergency power every year by February and March but to build large scale power plants. Nevertheless, what the government is doing is joining the business mafia and bringing various obstructions to constructing major plants,” he said further.

However, Ministry Media Spokesman Sulakshana Jayawardena said that the Ministry was not intentionally causing delays. He said, the Technical Evaluation Committee (TEC) appointed for the 100MW barge diesel power plant to be established in Galle was appointed only on 28 July 2017. Similarly the TEC for the 24MW x 4 power plants was appointed only on 11 August 2017.

Yet, engineers point out that although the 100MW barge and the 24MW x 4 are Diesel Power plants, they can be connected to high voltages. But, they said that if emergency power is necessary to be connected to any required places, it would not be possible due to technical reasons.

Since no major power plant was constructed subsequent to the third phase of the Norochcholai Coal Power Plant being completed in 2013, energy experts continuously warned that a serious crisis will arise in the energy sector.

There is a case being heard in Court regarding the awarding of the Tender regarding the 300 MW LNG Power Plant, which was scheduled to be constructed at Kerawalapitiya as a solution to this crisis. Although it was due to have been added to the National Power Grid in 2019 that will not happen now.

At the same time, engineers allege that the government is delaying releasing lands required for the Clean Coal Power Plant of 300 MW to be constructed at Fowl Point in Trincomalee.

NIRANJALA ARIYAWANSHA

 JAN 21 2019

Daily Mirror: The Other Power Struggle

This country didn’t have a Power Generation Plan (Power Plant Construction Plan) from 2014 to 2018. Loss to the nation due to not having a plan and cancellation of Sampur Power Plant is Rs 650 Billion
We are demanding people with professional integrity for the key positions of Public Utilities Commission.

Daily Mirror| CEB Engineers highlight alleged misdeeds of corrupt PUCSL officials

The Engineers Union of the CEB yesterday castigated the Public Utilities Commission of Sri Lanka (PUCSL) that the actions and policies of the power monitor has jeopardized the Power Generation Plan and the damage cost was a whopping Rs. 650 billion to the country.

Engineers charged that corrupt officials at PUCSL who have formed an unholy alliance were wreaking havoc on the Electrical Power Industry.

Mr. Athula Wanniarachchi, highlighting alleged misdeed of the PUCSL said among those who scuttle the implementation of the Long Term Least Cost Power Generation Plan noted that among surreptitious elements there were foreign funded non-governmental organizations.

READ FULL ARTICLE HERE: http://tinyurl.com/yc6ulwh5


Gloomy days are ahead due to the impending power crisis solely due to the intentional delaying in granting approval of 20 year Least Cost Long Term Generation Expansion Plan (LCLTGEP). The country was left without a generation plan for nearly four years 2014-2018.This inevitably resulted in losing a number of low cost power plants which would have been in operation, had the approval been granted on due time. This blunder would cost the nations dearly by an enormous power crisis in the near future which would also place CEB under immense economical turmoil. It is estimated that the chaotic situation brought about by the PUCSL through their delaying tactics and manipulations would cost the country a whopping Rs. 536 billion. This estimate is arrived at by analysis of data available with planning and System Operations branches through careful and precise calculations with use of world renowned SDDP (Stochastic Dual Dynamic Programme) software. this foregone cost is due to the previously planned power plants including Sampur Powerplant not being brought in to operating in due course and as a result of the advent of costly liquid fuelled power plants.

If the planned low cost power plants were put into service, the cost of generated electricitywould be Rs, 10 per unit, whereas that generated by a liquid fuelled power plant would amount to at least Rs. 25 per unit by current world market prices for petroleum, Mr. Wanniarachchi stressed.

Daily Mirror 12/10/2018

LankaCNewws| රට දැවැන්ත විදුලි අර්බුදයක.. සැලසුම් අවුලෙන් පාඩුව කෝටි 65,000යි.

උපයෝගීතා කොමිසමේ දූෂිත නිලධාරීන් විදුලිබල ක්ෂේත්ත්‍රය විනාශකිරීමේ මෙහෙයුමක

උපයෝගීතා කොමිසමේ නිලධාරීන් කිහිපදෙනෙක් විවිධ අරමුණු ඇතිව ක්‍රියාත්මකවන අගතිගාමී කණ්ඩායම් කිහිපයක් සමග විදුලිබල ක්ෂේත්‍රය විනාශ කරමින් සිටියි. විදේශ මුදල් වලින් යැපෙන පරිසරය සුරකීමේ ලේබලය ගසාගෙන මෙරට ආර්ථිකය බංකොලොත් කිරීමේ විදේශීය න්‍යායපත්‍රයකට වැඩ කරන රාජ්‍ය නොවන සංවිධාන, තම ව්‍යාපාරික සැලසුම් ක්‍රියාත්මක කරගැනීමට රටේ සැලසුම් වලට දැඩිලෙස බලපෑම් කරන ජාත්‍යන්තර හා දේශීය ව්‍යාපාරික සංවිධාන, රට විනාශකර හෝ බලය ඇති කාලය තුල ඇතිතරම් මුදල් සොයන්න වෙහෙසෙන දූෂිත දේශපාලකයි හා ඔවුන්ගේ හිතවතුන්, මොවුන්ගේ මුදල් වලින් යැපෙන හා ඒ වෙනුවෙන් හඬනගන විවිධ ව්‍යාජ ලේබල් ගසාගෙන් සිටින කණ්ඩායම් කිහිපයක්ද මේ අතර සිටින අතර මහජන උපයෝගිතා කොමිසමේ නිලධාරින් කිහිපදෙනෙක් විදුලිබල ක්ෂේත්‍රය නියාමනය කිරීමට ඔවුන්ට ලබාදී ඇති බලතල අනිසි ලෙස යොදාගෙන මෙම මෙහෙයුම ක්‍රියාත්මක කරයි.

නීති කඩමින් විදුලි සැලසුම් අවුල් කරයි

මහජන උපයෝගිත කොමිසම විසින් මෙම මාෆියා කණ්ඩායම සමග 2014 සිට රටේ විදුලිබලාගාර හදන සැලසුම්  (විදුලි ජනන සැලසුම්) අවුල් කරන ලදී. 2015 සිට 2034 දක්වා වූ 20 අවුරුදු අඩු වියදම් දීර්ග කාලීන විදුලි ජනන සැලැස්ම ඉතා සැලසුම් සහගතව අනුමත නොකර අවුරුදු 2 ක් පමණ ප්‍රමාද කරන කොමිසම රාජ්‍ය නොවන සංවිධානය හා මෙම මාෆියා කණ්ඩායම සමග එක්ව 2014 න් පසුව රටට අඩුවියදමින් විදුලිය සැපයීමට තිබූ එකම බලාගාරය වන 500MW ක දැවැන්ත සාම්පූර් බලාගාරය ඉවත්කර අවු 20 ක සැලැස්ම වෙනුවට තෙල් බලාගාර කිහිපයක් හා පුනර්ජනනීය බලාගාර කිහිපයක් සහිත අවු 4 ක් නීති විරෝධී සැලැස්මක් අනුමත කළහ. 2017 මාර්තු මස කොමිසමට යවනලද 2018 සිට 2037 දකවා කාලය සඳහා ලං.වි.ම. විසින් සාදන ලද මිශ්‍ර ජනන සැලැස්ම මුළුමනින්ම වෙනස් කර ඔව්න්ගේ ව්‍යාපාරික හා දේශපාලන හිතවතුන් සමග එක්ව නීති විරෝධී (ව්‍යාපාරික) සැලැස්මක් සාදා මෙම සැලැස්ම අනුමත කිරීමද වසර 1 ½ පමණ ප්‍රමාද කරන ලදී.

READ Original Article:

https://lankacnews.com/%E0%B6%BB%E0%B6%A7-%E0%B6%AF%E0%B7%90%E0%B7%80%E0%B7%90%E0%B6%B1%E0%B7%8A%E0%B6%AD-%E0%B7%80%E0%B7%92%E0%B6%AF%E0%B7%94%E0%B6%BD%E0%B7%92-%E0%B6%85%E0%B6%BB%E0%B7%8A%E0%B6%B6%E0%B7%94%E0%B6%AF/

අනාගතයේ රට දැවැන්ත විදුලි අර්බුධයක

මේ අනුව 2014 සිට 2018 දකවා අපරටට විදුලි ජනන සැලැස්මක් නොමැති වීමනිසා සහ සැදීමට සූදානම්ව තිබූ අඩු වියදම් බලාගාර නැවත්වීම නිසා අවම වශෙයෙන් තවත් අවුරුදු 6-7ක කාලයක් රට දැවැන්ත විදුලි අර්බුධයකට තල්ලුකර ඇත. මෙම කාලය තුල දැවැන්ත මූල්‍යමය අර්බුධයකට ලං.වි.ම. ට මුහුණදීමට සිදුවන අතර අවශ්‍ය තරම් බලාගාර ඉදිනොවීම නිසා පැය ගණන් විදුලි කැපීම හා බොහෝ විදුලි බින්දවටීම් සිදුවීම වැඩිවන විදුලි ඉල්ලුම හමුවේ වැලැක්විය නොහැකිවනු ඇත.

සැලසුම් අවුල් කිරීම නිසා වන පාඩුව ?

උපයෝගීතා කොමිසම විසින් 2015 වසරේ සිට විදුලි බලාගාර හදන සැලසුම් අනුමත නොකර විදුලි ක්ෂේත්‍රය අවුල් කිරීම නිසා රටට සිදුවන පාඩුව රු. කෝටි 53,617 ක් (බිලියන 536 ක්) පමණ වන බව ලං.වි.ම. සැලසුම හා පද්ධති මෙහෙයුම් අංශ වල දත්ත අනුව ලොව සුලභව භාවිතාකරන පිළිගත් SDDP (Stochastic Dual Dynamic Program) මෘදුකාංගයක්  මගින් ගණනය කර ඇත. සැලසුම් කල සාම්පුර් සහ අනෙකුත් අඩුවියදම් බලාගාර නැවත්වීම හා ප්‍රමාද වීම නිසා ඒ වෙනුවට වියදම් අධික තෙල් බලාගාර ක්‍රියාත්මක කිරීමට සිදුවන බැවින් මෙම පාඩුව සිදුවෙනු ඇත. ලං.වි.ම. සැලසුම් කරනලද බලාගාර වලින් රු. 10 කට අඩුවෙන් විදුලි ඒකකයක් නිපදවීමට හැකි වුවත් පැවතී තෙල් මිලගණන් අනුව තෙල් බලාගාර වලින් නිපදවෙන විදුලි ඒකකයක සාමාන්‍ය මිල රු 25 ක් පමණ වනු ඇත. හදිසියේ මිලදීගන්නා ඩිසල් බලාගාරයක ඒකකයක රු. 30 ක් පමණ වේ. නමුත් පසුගිය දිනවල ඩීසල් මිල 30% පමණ හා දැවී තෙල් මිල 15% කින් පමණ වැඩිවීම නිසා වැඩි වූ මිලගණන් මෙලෙසම පවතියොත් මෙම පාඩුව රු. කෝටි 65,000 ක් (බිලියන 650ක්) පමණ වනු ඇත.  මෙය කටුනායක අධිවේගී මාර්ගය වැනි ව්‍යාපෘති 12 ක් පමණ කළහැකි මුදලකි.

2002 මහජන උපයෝගිතා කොමිසන් පනත අනුව තමන් විසින් නියාමනය කරන ආයතනවල මූල්‍යමය ස්ථාවරභාවය (Financial stability) පවත්වාගෙන යෑම කොමිසමේ වගකීමක් වුවද එහි අධ්‍යක්ෂ ජනරාල් වරයා සහ ඇතැම් නිලධාරින් රට සංවර්ධනය සදහා යොදාගත හැකි මුදල් ද්වන්ත ලෙස විනාශ කරමින් ලං.වි.ම. පාඩු ලබන තත්වයකට පත්කර පෞද්ගලික කරණය කිරීමේ මෙහෙයුමක සිටින බව ඉතා පැහැදිලිය.

මෙසේ නාස්තිවන මුදල් භාණ්ඩ මිල වැඩිකිරීමෙන් හෝ බදු මගින් රජයෙන් වක්‍රාකාරව ජනතාවගෙන් අයකරගැනීම මගින් ඒ බර දරන වන්නේද රටේ ජනතාවටමය.

ස්වාධීන කොමිසමක න්‍යායන් කඩයි

ස්වාධීන කොමිසමකට මත වාදයක් තිබිය නොහැක. නමුත් මෙම කොමිසමේ පරිනත නොවූ දූෂිත නිලධාරීන් ප්‍රධාන මාධ්‍ය වල ප්‍රසිද්ධියේ තම මතවාදයන් ඉදිරිපත් කරන අතර ජනමාධ්‍ය වලට සාවද්ධ්‍ය කරුණු කියා ජනතාව නොමග යවයි.

කොමිසමේ දූෂිත නිලධාරින් ආරක්ෂා කරන දේශපාලන බලවතුන් කවුද ?

කොමිසම විදුලි ජනන සැලසුම් අනුමත කරන ක්‍රියාවලියේදී විදුලිබල පනත උල්ලංගනය කරමින් නීති විරෝධී ලෙස කටයුතුකර ඇති බව නීතිපති වරයා විසින් තහවුරුකර ඇත. මෙමගින් කොමිසන් නිලධාරින් රටේ විදුලි බලාගාර හදන සැලැසුම් 2014 සිට අවුල් කල බව රටටම ඔප්පුවී ඇත. මෙම නිලධාරින් ඉවත් කර විදුලිබල ක්ෂේස්ත්රයට මොවුන් කරන හානිය නවත්වන බවට අතිගරු ජනාධිපති තුමා සහ අගමැති තුමා පොරොන්දු විය. කොමිසමේ අධ්‍යක්ෂ ජෙනරාල් වරයා කොමිසමෙන් ඉවතකල බවටත් උපයෝගිත කොමිසම අයත් අමාත්‍යංශයේ ලේඛම් වරයාත් අප අමාත්‍යාංශයත් තහවුරුකල පසු විද්වත් වෘතීය සමිතියක් ලෙස අප මෙම රජයේ උසස් නිලධාරින් විශ්වාස කලත් 2018 මයි මැයි මස සිට ලං.වි.ම. සමග කිසිඳු රාජකාරියකට සම්බන්ද නොවූ මෙම අධ්‍යක්ෂ ජෙනරාල්වරයා මාස 3කට පසු යලි කරලියට එන්නේ කෙසේද?

දැන් ඔහු නීත්පති වරයාගේ උපදෙස්ද නොතකා පෙර වැරදීම සිදුකරමින් විදුලිබල ක්ෂේස්ත්‍රය නැවතත් අවුල්කිරීමට පටන්ගෙන ඇත. ආණ්ඩුවේ ඇතැම් දේශපාලකයින් තම ව්‍යාපාරික අරමුණු මොහුලවා ඉටුකරගැනීමට ප්‍රසිද්ධියේ මෙම බංකොලොත් නිලධාරින් ආරක්ෂා කරයි.

විසඳුම් නැති නිසා අප සංගමය වෘතීයසමිති ක්‍රියාමාර්ග වලට

රටේ ආර්ථිකයටත් ජනජීවිතයටත් ඉතා වැදගත් විදුලිබල ක්ෂේත්‍රය නියාමනය කිරීමට සුදුසු නිලධාරීන් මහජන උපයෝගීතා කොමිසම වැනි උත්තරීතර ආයතන වලට පත්කිරීම රජයේ වගකීමකි. එසේ කරන බවට අතිගරු ජනාධිපති තුමා, අගමැතිතුමා ඇතුළු සියලු වගකිවයුතු පාර්ශවයන් පොරොන්දු වුවද මෙතෙක් ඒ සඳහා විසඳුමක් ලබා දී නොමැති නොමැත.

මෙම තත්වය යටතේ මහජන උපයෝගීතා කොමිසම සම්බන්ධ කිසිඳු රාජකාරියකට සහය නොවීමේ වෘතිය සමිති ක්‍රියාමාර්ගයක් ලං.වි.ම. ඉංජිනේරු සංගමය මේ වනවිට ආරම්භකර ඇත.

තවද සැලසු අවුල්කර රට විදුලි අර්බුධයකට තල්ලුකර තමන්ට ප්‍රතිලාභ ලැබෙන වියදම් අධික තෙල් බලාගාර මිලයට ගැනීම මෙම මාෆියා කණ්ඩායම් වල අරමුණ බැවින් ඒකකයක් රු. 30 ක් පමණ වන හදිසි ඩීසල් බලාගාර ටෙන්ඩර් වලට හා මිල පිළිබඳව නිගමනයක් නොමැතිව විනිවිදභාවයකින් තොරව බලධාරීන් විසින් ඉදිකිරීමට සැලසුම්කරණ තවත් බලාගාර කිහිපයකට සහය නොවීමට අප සංගමය තීරණය කර ඇත.

ගැටලුවලට කඩිනම්ව විසඳුම් නොලැබුණහොත් අප දැඩි වෘතීය සමිති ක්‍රියාමාර්ග වලට ඉදිරියේදී එළඹෙනු ඇත.

– ලං.වි.ම. ඉංජිනේරු සංගමය      

Mawbima: ලංවිමෙන් කෝටි 19ක බදු ඉල්ලන මහජන උපයෝගිතා කොමිසම එම මුදල සැකැසුණු හැටි කියන්න අසමත් වෙලා

හර්ෂනී අර්සකුලරත්න

මහජන උපයෝගිතා කොමිෂන් සභාව වෙත 2018 වර්ෂය සඳහා ලංකා විදුලිබල මණ්ඩලය ගෙවිය යුතු යැයි පවසන රුපියල් කෝටි 19කට අධික බදු ඉන්වොයිසිය සැකසුණු ආකාරය හෙළි කිරීමට මහජන උපයෝගිතා කොමිෂන් සභාවට තවමත් හැකි වී නැතැයි ලංවිම ඉන්ජිනේරු සංගමය පවසයි.

මේ සම්බන්ධව ලංවිම සාමාන්‍යාධිකාරි ඒ.කේ. සමරසිංහ මහතා ලිපියක් යොමු කරමින් මේ සා විශාල බදු මුදලක් සැකසුණු ආකාරය පිළිබඳ පැහැදිලි කිරීමක් කොමිසමෙන් ඉල්ලා ඇති බව ඔවුන් පැවැසීය.
අද වන තුරුත් එයට ප්‍රතිචාර නොදක්වන කොමිසම කොළඹ දිසා අධිකරණයෙහි නඩුවක් ගොනු කොට එම මුදල් යළි ගෙවා දමන ලෙස ඉල්ලා ඇත්තේ ලංවිම සතු වත්කම් සහ දේපළ රාජසන්තක කර, විකුණා හෝ එම බදු මුදල් අය කර දෙන ලෙස යැයිද ඔවුහු පවසති.


ලංකා විදුලිබල මණ්ඩලය සතුව ඇති දේපළ වන්නේ ජනන යන්ත්‍ර සහිත විදුලි බලාගාර, විදුලි සම්ප්‍රේෂණ පද්ධති කාර්යාල ගොඩනැඟිලි සහ රථවාහන බව පවසන ඉන්ජිනේරු සංගමය මහජන උපයෝගිතා කොමිසම වක්‍රාකාරයෙන් ඉල්ලා සිටින්නේ බලාගාර වසා දමා හෝ බදු මුදල් ගෙවන ලෙස බවයි. මුළු රටම හෝ අඳුරේ ගිල්වා බදු මුදල් ඉල්ලා සිටින මහජන උපයෝගිතා කොමිෂන් සභාවට එය ආරම්භයේ පටන් විදුලිබල පනතට අනුව යමින් අදාළ බලපත්‍ර බදු මුදල වාර්ෂිකව ලංවිම ගෙවා ඇති බවද ඉන්ජිනේරු සංගමය සිහිපත් කළේය.

විදුලිය, ඉන්ධන හා ජලය යන සේවා හා සබැඳි කර්මාන්තයන් නියාමනයෙන් මහජනතාවට වඩාත් ඵලදායී සේවාවක් ලබාදීමට පිහිටුවූ එම කොමිසම අද වන විට විදුලිබල ක්‍ෂේත්‍රයට පිළිලයක් වී ඇති බවද ඔවුන් සඳහන් කරයි.

ලංවිම සකස් කළ ජනන සැලසුම් අනුමත නොකරමින් විදුලිබල පනතද උල්ලංඝනය කොට කටයුතු කළ ඔවුන්ගේ එම පමාව නිසා විදුලිය ලබා දීමේ සියලු වැඩපිළිවෙළ අවුල් වී ඇති අතර සාධාරණ මුදලකට මහජනතාවට විදුලිය ලබාදීමේ අභියෝගයකටද ලංවිම මුහුණ දෙමින් සිටින බවද එම සංගමය පවසයි.

කෙසේ වෙතත් රුපියල් කෝටි 16ක මහජන මුදලක් 2017 වසරේදීත් ලංවිමෙන් අය කර ගත් මොවුන්ට 2016 හා 2017 වර්ෂවලට අදාළ සිය වාර්ෂික වාර්තා මහජනතාවගේ දැනගැනීම පිණිස හෝ සිය නිල වෙබ් අඩවියේ පළ කිරීමටවත් ඔවුන් තවමත් අපොහොසත් වී ඇතැයි එම සංගමය චෝදනා කරයි.

http://mawbima.lk/print20180101MB20181230.php?id=20820

Lankadeepa 20-09-18: විදුලියෙයි උපයෝගිතා කොමිසමෙයි දීගය කැඩෙයි

ලංකාදීප 20/09/2018

Daily Mirror: Cost of electricity in SL is very high compared to other countries in the region

The verbal wrangling between the power regulator Public Utilities Commission of Sri Lanka (PUCSL) and the powerful Engineers Union of the power monopoly CEB, has come to a boiling point with CEB engineers launching trade union action leaving the smooth power generation, transmission and distribution at risk. The Daily Mirror spoke to the President of the CEBEU, Saumya Kumarawadu on the issue. He shared the following views: 

  • PUCSL MADE FALSE STATEMENTS TO MEDIA SAYING THEY HAD ONLY CHANGED THE INPUT PARAMETERS
  • BY NOW 40% OF THE WORLD’S ELECTRICITY DEMAND IS MET BY COAL
  • WE HAVE TO ADMIT THAT THERE ARE SOME ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES IN LAKVIJAYA POWER PLANT.
  • EVERY YEAR THE CEB MAKES A LOSS CLOSE TO RS. 50 BILLION
 Q  What is the reason behind the ‘work to rule’ campaign by the CEB engineers?

There has not been an approved Least Cost Long Term Generation Expansion Plan (LCLTGEP)  ​for the construction of much needed power plants of the country since 2015 as the regulator, the Public Utilities Commission of Sri Lanka (PUCSL), failed to approve CEB’s LCLTGEP 2015-2034 and LCLTGEP 2018-2037. The CEB cannot procure or build power plants without a legally approved proper plan.  This situation will definitely lead to a major power crisis for which CEB engineers finally get the blame. As a professional trade union we have a right and responsibility to intervene in this very sensitive issue within our domain.

We had a number of discussions with relevant stake holders and the government in order to get this issue resolved without resorting to trade union actions. Even though their responses at those meetings were positive, no tangible solutions to the issue were foreseeable. This situation made us launch mild trade union actions from time to time. However, when the PUCSL illegally prepared and approved their own Generation Plan discarding the CEB’s LCLTGEP 2018-2037, we decided to fight for the rights of electricity consumers of the country. We started our trade union actions last September in mild form, as mentioned before, withdrawing our members from the Technical Evaluation Committees and Joint Working Groups appointed for the procurement of future power plants. This trade union action was gradually escalated step by step, when we noticed the lethargic approach of the authorities to settle the issue.

 

“We learnt that the PUCSL was making false statements to the media saying they had only changed the input parameters like coal and LNG prices in the model and their illegal plan had become more economical than the CEB’s plan.”

 

Ultimately, the President intervened and inquired from the PUCSL the reasons that prevented them from approving the CEB’s Generation Plan. The reason given by PUCSL was that the government has a policy of not constructing any more coal plants in the country and, on the contrary, CEB’s plan containing coal power plants. The President clarified that there is no such government policy and advised the PUCSL to grant the approval for the CEB’s LCLTGEP 2018-2037. When the regulator ignored the advice of the head of state too, we had no alternative other than resorting to work- to-rule campaign to win our very fair demands.

 Q  As far as you know why does the PUCSL not approve the LCLTGEP running to 2037 from 2018?

Even before the CEB prepared the LCLTGEP 2018-2037, the PUCSL had decided for what plan the approval should be granted. Their main objective was not to ensure formulation of   the best Generation Plan for the country, but to use their authority to make way for investors who were willing to make money out of power generating projects. Since they did not receive the plan they had in mind from the CEB, they prepared and approved their own plan rejecting the CEB’s plan.  This action of approving their own plan is totally illegal as they don’t have a mandate to do so as per the section 43(2) and 43 (8) of the Sri Lanka Electricity Act No. 20 of 2009. This is just like a person going to a Municipal Council to get his house plan approved, being instructed to put up a house handing him a plan designed to the liking of the MC.

We learnt that the PUCSL was making false statements to the media saying they had only changed the input parameters like coal and LNG prices in the model and their illegal plan had become more economical than the CEB’s plan. But, actually what happened was they had forcibly  removed  coal plants in the CEB’s plan giving irrational reasons even before the model was run. Even if they ran their model assuming their input data were correct, coal would still be there in the outcome.  On the other hand, the CEB had submitted input parameters to be used in the model well in advance to the PUCSL and they had never disputed applicability of them until their plan was published. However, they unilaterally changed the input parameters in order to get the plan they wanted and then ordered the CEB to implement it.

 Q  The PUCSL does not want to approve coal power plants in Sri Lanka’s future power generation. As such, why do you fight for coal power generation?

​When deciding on future power plants, we have to consider not only the generating cost but also a number of other factors. Among them energy security, technical constraints and environmental concerns are key. When making your judgment on power generating technology, due consideration should be given to all those key aspects. If only the environmental pollution is considered, we will end up with a Generation Plan that will give rise to host of other issues such as high cost of electricity, low reliability and vulnerability for energy insecurity. The number one reason the CEB has selected coal power plants for our future power requirements is to ensure the energy security. To have better energy security, we need to have a proper mix of coal, LNG and renewable energy sources. If we are going to depend only on one firm energy source like LNG as proposed by the PUCSL, we are taking a very high risk as then the electricity cost of the country would overly depend on LNG prices. In addition to that, coal is still considered as one of the cheapest options to generate electricity. This shows very clearly when looking at the number of coal power plants planned to be constructed by other countries in the world in future.

 Q  Many countries in all continents have begun phasing out coal power generation. But you want Sri Lanka to depend on coal power. Why?

​By now 40% of the world’s electricity demand is met by coal and many countries like Indonesia, Malaysia, Vietnam, and Bangladesh in our region have planned to put up more coal power plants in their countries. It is better to inquire why countries like Indonesia and Bangladesh, being LNG producers. have decided to construct more coal power plants. Australia is the second largest LNG exporter in the world and yet they produce as much as 63% of their electricity demand using coal.
Like older people who consume less food, countries like the USA, China and India, which were overusing coal power, have started gradually reducing coal. They are shutting down coal plants, which are harmful to the environment, built in 1970s with older technology.  But countries competing for foreign investments like Bangladesh, Malaysia, Indonesia and Vietnam have plans to increase their coal share in order to make energy prices more attractive to investors.

It is no secret that the cost of electricity in Sri Lanka is very high compared to other countries in the region. Because of that, electricity is subsidized to domestic and industrial consumers. Since the electricity tariff is not cost reflective, every year the CEB makes a loss close to Rs. 50 billion. Before commissioning the Norochcholai coal power plant, average cost of electricity was as high as Rs. 23.66 per unit and after commissioning the three coal power plants, the cost of a unit dropped to Rs. 15.07.  However, cost of electricity has an upward trend again as the coal power plant planned to be constructed in Sampur was abruptly stopped. If the country has to be developed, more and more FDIs need to be attracted to the country. But, prevailing high electricity cost has become one of the key factors that discourage such investments as any industry today is energy intensive.

Read the full Article: http://www.dailymirror.lk/article/-We-have-to-depend-on-coal-power-until-our-economy-becomes-more-stable–151764.html

TheIsland: CEB engineers refuse to cooperate with PUCSL

By Rathindra Kuruwita

The Ceylon Electricity Board Engineers’ Union (CEBEU) had called off its work-to-rule campaign but it would not cooperate with the Public Utilities Commission of Sri Lanka (PUCSL), CEBEU President Saumya Kumarawadu told The Island yesterday.

The CEBEU Executive Committee that met this week decided to call off the work-to-rule campaign after the Public Utilities Commission of Sri Lanka had approved the CEB’s base case plan ‘subject to the accommodation of already Cabinet approved “government to government power plants” and the “latest government ‘policy’.

“However, we will not cooperate with the PUCSL because we feel that some of the officials there are unprofessional and are attempting to thwart what the CEB is trying to do. When there are power cuts you will see the results of their action. The tenure of the PUCSL is to end shortly. We hope they appoint independent and professional individuals the next time.”The CEBEU has been demanding the removal of the PUCSL Director General, Damitha Kumarasinghe since May.

Executive Director of Campaign for Free and Fair Elections Keerthi Tennakoon criticised the CEBEU’s attempts to remove Kumarasinghe from his post.

“PUCSL is the regulator of the energy sector. The CEBEU, which is a part of the sector, can’t threaten the government to get rid of Kumarasinghe. One reason is that PUCSL is an independent commission and if a trade union can get its members fired, that will give a bad precedence. The other reason is that neither the President nor the Prime Minister can remove Kumarasinghe, only the PUCSL commissioners can remove him.”

http://www.island.lk/index.php?page_cat=article-details&page=article-details&code_title=186362#

TheIsland: Don’t mix national well-being with coal contract

article_image

I am happy the ‘True Citizen’ has removed his mask and emerged, identifying himself as Ranil Senanayake as I correctly guessed, and replies my letter of 5th June, He now calls for clarifications as to the fate of our vegetation and health of our people. If RS had read and understood my letter, it clearly states, world renowned consultants in Coal Power Generation Plants, M/s Rambol of Denmark, were selected after careful scrutiny of their qualifications, experience and ability to undertake this consultancy. For the study they had engaged the following internationally reputed experts –

[a] Hans Hartelius, Team Leader, port & infrastructure planning expert

[b] Ole Michaelsen, EIA and ground water resources expert

[c] Henning Smith Lielsen, Marine environment and fish resources expert

[c] Henning Lauridsen, Coastal erosion and EIA studies specialist.

This team had met the following locals:

[a] Dr. Frank Marcus Fernando, Bishop of Chilaw who vehemently objected to siting the plant at Norochcholai, fearing damage to St. Anne’s Church at Talawila, 12 Km away and also environmental pollution

[b] Provincial Environmental Authority

[c] Ministry for Power and Energy

[d] Coast Conservation Department

[e] Department of Fisheries & Aquatic Resources

[f] Central Environmental Authority

[g] Institute of Civil Engineers of Sri Lanka

[h] Federation of Chambers of Commerce & Industries of SL

[i] Ministry of Port Development & Development of South

[j] Sri Lanka Port Authority.

NOTE -This list is mentioned to show to what extent these consultants have gone to, in meeting the local people who had fears any ill effects to both persons and country.

http://www.island.lk/index.php?page_cat=article-details&page=article-details&code_title=186207#

Surely, these internationally reputed experts would have known what RB says of Acid Rain. ‘Acid rain does not usually kill trees directly. Instead, it is more likely to weaken the trees by damaging their leaves, limiting the nutrients available to them or poisoning them with substances slowly released to the soil’. Here is what the Consultants engaged by CEB had to say on Acid Rain. “No Coal fired power plant will run 365 days of the year. For operational and maintenance reasons the average operation time is expected to be 75%, ambient air quality standards were set at as not to harm people, animals and plants. Acid Rains do not occur when ambient air quality standards are met. Low levels of S02 and NOx do not have measurable effect on the pH of rain water. As no acid rain scenario is to be prepared’.

To verify and get first-hand information on this observation, Carlo Fernando the then Consultant to CEB, was sent to India’s Orissa and Bihar tea planting districts and he reported there was absolutely no damage to plantations, confirming the views of M/s.Rambol. The comprehensive M/s. Rambol’s report is available with the CEB and in the Ministry for Power & Energy. The main concerns which RS writes have received the Consultants special attention and recommendations made. They are Coal Import System, Effects of Smoke Emission Effects of Cooling Water Outlets, Effects of Coal Handling, Ground Water Quality, and Water Quality in Puttalam Lagoon etc. Without reading the report of the consultants, it is very uncharitable or unprofessional for RS to say ‘the consultant is attempting to “GREEN WASH” the reality of Dirty Coal. Continue reading “TheIsland: Don’t mix national well-being with coal contract”

99 Minutes 30/05/2018

දිගු කාලීන අඩු වියදම් ජනන සැලැස්ම පිලිබඳ වූ රූපවාහිනී විවාදය

Daily News : CEB denies charges of ashes spreading to Sri Maha Bodhi

Ceylon Electricity Board engineers and Norochcholai Power Plant officials refuted claims that toxic acids evaporating from the power plant posed a threat to the sacred Jaya Sri Maha Bodhi, in Anuradhapura.

It was reported that toxic fumes from the power plant which contained concentrated amounts of toxic acids and heavy metals could be swept as far away as the Jaya Sri Maha Bodhi due to the onset of the oncoming Southwest monsoon.

“We sent samples of these deposits to the Industrial Training Institute (ITI).

“They have found that the samples contain negligible amounts of these acids, a range of 0.5 to 0.7. We use low-sulfur, low-ash, high calorie coal out of which carbon dioxide emissions are greatly reduced,” the source told the Daily News.

“The ITI also studied the air flow and the extent that these ashes would be swept away, they found that after a short distance, all the particles would have evaporated into thin air.”

The engineer added that the notion that the ashes would be swept as far as the Jaya Sri Maha Bodhi was too far-fetched and concocted by environmentalists and lobbyists who had not based their findings on facts or scientific evidence.

It was announced last week that Southwest monsoonal conditions were making it conducive for toxic fumes with concentrates of sulfur dioxide, nitrogen oxide and heavy metal particles to spread to a radius of 6 to 6.5 km, as far as the Jaya Sri Maha Bodhi. Environmentalists observed that the effect of the condition can be observed in the discoloration of foliage in trees surrounding the vicinity of the Norochcholai Power Plant. It was also revealed that waters surrounding the plant were acidic in nature causing damage to the marine environment.

http://www.dailynews.lk/2018/05/16/local/151101/ceb-denies-charges-ashes-spreading-sri-maha-bodhi